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Bariatric Surgeon India

Robotic Bariatric Surgery -Benefits over laparoscopy

Bariatric surgery is a great surgical procedure that has helped millions of people struggling with severe obesity all over the world. Along with weight loss, it is known for improving various obesity-related health conditions. Usually, bariatric procedures are carried out through minimally invasive laparoscopic techniques. These are popular for many benefits over traditional open surgery. 

However, in recent years, experts have developed robotic-assisted surgery, like the da Vinci Surgical System—a new era in bariatric surgery. Laparoscopy is beneficial, but experts say that robotic bariatric surgery is even more beneficial than laparoscopy and has a great positive impact on surgical techniques and the results for patients.

Understanding Bariatric Surgery

Bariatric surgery is of different types and is specifically designed to help obese people who want to lose weight. The procedure involves making a few changes to their digestive system. 

The common bariatric surgeries are as follows: 

  • Gastric bypass
  • Sleeve gastrectomy
  • Mini Gastric Bypass 
  • Adjustable gastric band (AGB)
  • Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD/DS)

These surgeries can help you lose weight and also improve or resolve various conditions caused by obesity, like type 2 diabetes, hypertension, certain cardiac conditions, sleep apnea, etc.

The evolution of bariatric surgery from Laparoscopy to Robotic Surgery

In the late 20th century, laparoscopic surgery was a revolution in bariatric surgery as it offered an invasive approach as an alternative to traditional open surgery. It emerged by optimising the surgical procedure with small incisions and special surgical instruments with a camera so that the surgeon can see the operative field when inserted. The best part is that it can carry out even complex surgical procedures effortlessly, with less blood loss, and less trauma to the body.

After a decade, in the 21st century, robotic surgery emerged with the same expectations, and without any hesitation, it can be represented as the next evolution in minimally invasive surgery. These robotic procedures came with enhanced precision, dexterity, and control. The most commonly used system is the da Vinci Surgical System /Hugo Ras , which offers computer-guided, magnified, 3-D visualization so that bariatric surgeons can precisely move the instruments inside the patient’s body.

Benefits of Robotic Bariatric Surgery Over Laparoscopy

There are many advantages to robotic bariatric surgery over traditional laparoscopy, from the cutting-edge technology to the results.

Enhanced Precision and Control

Precision or accuracy is higher in robotic surgery than laparoscopy. This robotic system offers a magnified, high-definition, 3D perspective of the surgical area. With the ability to operate surgical tools with greater flexibility and steadiness, along with a superior view, surgeons can perform more precise dissection and suturing.

However, these benefits are incorporated into laparoscopic surgery because it has limitations when it comes to stability and flexibility. Robotic systems can handle complex or delicate procedures more effectively compared to laparoscopy, despite these limitations.

Greater Dexterity 

Robotic surgical systems are known for mimicking the movements of surgeons’ wrists, and they can provide a far greater range of motion with higher precision and flexibility during the surgery. These surgical instruments of robotic systems can rotate and bend in ways that laparoscopic instruments or human hands cannot. This allows the surgeon to reach and operate in difficult or impossible areas.

This improved dexterity comes in handy in certain bariatric procedures, like gastric bypass, where precise suturing is essential. This advantage of high precision can reduce the possibility of complications and improve surgical outcomes.

Reduces the fatigue of the surgeon

Robotic systems can reduce physical strain on surgeons because they are ergonomically friendly. In traditional laparoscopy, surgeons stand in different difficult positions for more time, leading to fatigue that could impact their performance. However, in robotic procedures, surgeons will sit in front of a console in an ergonomic position during the operation, which reduces stress and enhances their performance and precision.

Minimizing human error

This enhanced stability and precision in robotic systems reduces the potential margin of human error. The smooth and controlled movements of surgical instruments can prevent tremors or unintentional movements. In bariatric surgery, precision and dexterity are especially important to reduce complications and ensure the success of the procedure.

Improved patient outcomes

Obviously, all these benefits of robotic bariatric surgery over laparoscopic bariatric surgery offer improved patient outcomes. 

Some studies have clinically proven that robotic-assisted bariatric surgery has lower complication rates, reduced pain and scarring, faster recovery, and shorter hospital stays.

Challenges and Considerations

Besides the numerous benefits of robotic bariatric surgery, it does have some challenges. The cost and the necessary training required for surgeons to become proficient in robotic systems might be the major barriers. Moreover, robotic systems are not available in all surgical centres, which reduces the accessibility of this advanced procedure.

Training and Expertise

To operate robotic systems, surgeons need to take intensive training so that the benefits and patient safety can be ensured. As more surgeons gain experience with robotic systems, the overall proficiency and success rates of robotic bariatric surgery are expected to improve.

Overall, robotic bariatric surgery is advanced and beneficial over traditional laparoscopic techniques. Besides the challenges like cost and training, the potential advantages like precision, safety and effectiveness of robotic bariatric procedures make it a compelling option. If you are obese and considering bariatric surgery, robotic bariatric surgery might be the option for you. For more valuable insights for your unique needs consult Dr Venugopal Pareek, one of the best bariatric surgeons in Hyderabad and a skilled robotic bariatric surgeon. Call +91 91777 77715 to book your consultation with the doctor.

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